The genuine leather is a natural material that comes from the dermis of different animals, presenting certain properties of strength and durability and its beauty, but it requires some knowledge about the care of leather to prolong the life of material it.
In order to know more specifically the care of different types of leather , you must first know them, so in this post, we are going to explain everything you need to know about the different types of leather , and their care.
This type of leather comes from the outer part of the skin, and it is a very soft part to the touch but also very resistant and flexible. It requires special care in contact with all kinds of objects and surfaces because it scratches very easily. Contact with water must be completely avoided when cleaning leather, which darkens the area where it falls, irreversibly. It is a highly absorbent leather, which can be cleaned only using a dry leather cleaner in spray format, helping you with a brush to remove dirt, instead of soap for suede.. This type of product can also be used to clean carnace and suede leathers, following the same steps as when cleaning nubuck leather. Here is one of the Nobuk Leather Jacket.
It is extracted from the inner layer of the skin of animals, and also has a very soft touch, but it differs from nubuck in that it is less resistant, and more absorbent against stains and sunlight due to discoloration, so it needs treatment constant with cream for leather.
Suede. It is one of the softest and most delicate materials because it is extracted from the skin of youngsters. It is a very flexible material ideal for making certain garments, but it requires extreme care in its use and when cleaning skin, because its appearance deteriorates with friction, sun, water, and absorbs dirt very easily. Making it very difficult to polish suede shoes. To intensify the color of nubuck, cowhide and suede leathers, color intensifying products can be used, especially for lint-free leathers, which, in addition to giving them a more intensely colored appearance, intensifies the protection of this type of leathers against discoloration. , among other products to clean the skin.
It is a more resistant material and for that reason, it is commonly used in the manufacture of shoes, bags, belts, decorative objects, leather armchairs and sofas, or horse riding chairs. It is extracted from the external part of the leather and receives different treatments from nubuck that give it a smooth appearance without roughness or lint, but it does not require less care when cleaning leather of this type. Treated leather contains natural fats, but over time, it requires nutrition and rehydration care, using some type of liquid to protect and clean leather, waterproofing it and restoring its natural elasticity. Before using for the first time, and always on a clean surface, you can use products to care for the skin, with a protective and waterproofing treatment, which will prevent stains from penetrating. This type of product can be purchased in shoe stores, supermarkets and stores specializing in leather goods. To perform an adequate treatment and hydrate leather, you will have to make three applications placing the spray at a distance of about 15 cm. of the garment or object to be treated, and spraying evenly, with intervals of five minutes between passes.
It is a leather treated with products for leather that contain fats and waxes that make it present an aged appearance with different waters, and a very soft greasy touch. Also in this type of leather it is advisable to use a protective spray treatment before using the garment or leather article for the first time, following the instructions that we have commented for the treatment of smooth leather, before using another leather cleaning product.
It is a leather in which imperfections are corrected through various processes of grinding, sanding and applying pigments to achieve greater uniformity. These types of leathers are more resistant and waterproof at first, thanks to the applied products, but like all natural leathers, it needs nutrients with use. To maintain the nutrition of the leather skin, conditioners based leather products can be used of light cream that must always be applied on a cloth or sponge from which to spread evenly so as not to leave stains due to greater absorbency. This type of conditioning creams for leather are indicated for the maintenance of all smooth leathers, as well as creams orColorless shoe ointment or in the specific shades that are needed, but remember that you should never apply the product directly on the surface of the skin, but rather use a cloth to spread the product evenly.
It is a natural leather covered with layers of varnishes that give it an extremely soft and shiny appearance. Over time, it has a propensity to form wrinkles, and leather of this type must also be treated and cleaned to brighten its colors. There are cleaning products and polishes to clean patent leather shoes and other items, but you can also get good results by using vinegar mixed with water on a cloth, to clean the dirt, and then rubbing vigorously with another dry cloth to recover the shine. Another homemade product that also works to clean patent leather is to use a couple of drops of olive oil on a cloth, with which to rub the pieces, then polishing with another soft cloth.
How to clean leather of different articles and sizes
Clean leather goods. To clean leather and protect small leather items such as purses, purses, belts, gloves and other small leather goods made of smooth leather, furniture wax sprays can be used by first applying to a cloth before applying to the item, and after spread over the entire surface rubbing to shine the leather , with a brush.
Cleaning leather shoes. Before using a nourishing cream on leather boots and shoes, it is advisable to wipe off the remains of dust and dirt, later applying the product on a clean cloth or cloth to apply on the footwear.
Cleaning liquid splashes from your leather garments If your leather garments suffer any kind of splashing or spilling of liquids, try to eliminate as much moisture at the moment with a sponge, or absorbent paper without rubbing so as not to spread, simply applying carefully on the surface, allowing to air dry. To remove oil stains on suede, suede or any other leather, you should take your garment to a dry cleaner specialized in cleaning and maintenance of leather.
Clean leather upholstery. Always before using any type of leather cleaning product, you must clean the dust, using a soft dry cloth, or the vacuum cleaner with a soft brush adapted to the nozzle so as not to scratch the material. For a more thorough cleaning of your leather upholstery, you can use a cloth moistened with leather cleaning products. When using leather cleaning products, work neatly in sections, removing dirt with a clean, highly wrung moistened cloth, then dry with another absorbent cloth, letting air out of sunlight, before using again. Apply a seat treatment of leather protective waxes at least four times a year, to help the material repel stains, and maintain the elasticity of the skin.
Basic advice on leather care
- Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun both on leather garments and sofas or chairs, to avoid dehydration and discoloration, both when cleaning leather upholstery, and in its usual location.
- Always use an umbrella when you carry your leather garments and accessories, because water is very harmful and spoils the material.
- Store leather shoes in a dry place to avoid mold growth.
- Use fabric covers to protect your leather garments and that they do not scratch in contact with zippers and buckles of other items when putting in and taking out of the closet.
- Do not apply perfumes directly on your leather garments, because it can cause irreversible stains, when cleaning leather jacket or bodice.
- Keep your leather garments and furniture upholstered in leather away from direct heat sources, as they dehydrate and can crack if they are not well protected.
- Bags and belts made with suede, leather and nubuck may rub and contact dye other lighter colored garments used together.
- Leather garments and accessories with fluff in suede, nubuck and suede, deteriorate and age due to friction that makes them present a worn appearance.